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Nishida Kimiaki Table 2

Table 2  Psychological manipulation in AUM: Varimax rotated factor patterns, M, SD and the criminal’s responses

Item

Factor lording

M

SD

A

B

C

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1 Punishment and reward

1

I received mental punishment such as an insult.

62

02

23

06

29

-16

07

1.4

1.6

4

4

0

2

I said good-bye to my spouse and the one I loved.

61

19

28

-07

09

15

19

1.7

1.7

0

3

0

3

I was forced to confess the sins and wrong doings in past.

59

14

00

11

13

21

22

2.0

1.8

4

3

3

4

I received severe corporal punishment.

57

10

08

08

03

11

08

0.8

1.3

4

4

0

5

The promotions and rewards from the guru were the sole joy and encouragement.

43

24

26

03

24

-03

07

1.6

1.5

0

2

1

2 Avoidance of the enemies

6

The mere idea of leaving the group scared me.

39

80

01

00

.0

01

-09

2.2

1.5

4

4

3

7

I believed that the people outside the group were hostile to us with malice and intrigue.

11

72

39

15

12

25

-06

2.4

1.3

1

4

2

8

I thought that the people outside criticized us without knowing the actualities.

01

61

15

16

14

-04

40

3.2

1.0

1

4

4

9

I recognized that we were special and had a sense of superiority and pride.

22

50

29

18

26

20

23

2.5

1.4

4

4

1

3 Restriction of the free activity

10

I couldn't come in contact freely with the people outside.

14

12

72

07

21

25

03

2.2

1.6

2

3

4

11

The schedule of daily life was controlled.

12

11

62

-03

12

02

-04

2.0

1.5

4

3

3

12

I felt always tired.

24

20

49

-01

-18

-06

32

1.8

1.4

4

4

0

13

I was incessantly tensed because of a series of tasks to be done.

34

16

43

00

00

-11

35

2.2

1.3

4

4

3

4 Satisfaction of the life

14

I was satisfied with the life that focused on the trainings.

13

20

06

89

02

13

07

2.4

1.4

0

4

2

15

It was happy to live with the members in the group.

02

06

-06

82

06

00

-01

2.6

1.4

2

4

3

Endurance of the severe life

16

I endured the severe physical trainings.

31

09

18

03

76

-03

19

2.2

1.5

4

4

3

17

I endured the severe mental trainings.

37

19

15

21

50

-01

26

2.2

1.5

4

4

4

18

I had to control my desire and emotion to an opposite sex.

29

30

20

26

30

07

-03

2.5

1.5

4

4

4

5 Keeping of the disciplines

19

I seriously read only the books or magazines of the group.

16

33

12

20

27

54

-06

2.6

1.4

1

4

4

20

*I violated commandments secretly.

-01

00

-03

-03

-01

53

05

1.2

1.4

0

0

1

21

I couldn't watch TV or read newspapers.

10

24

27

-07

19

49

16

2.0

1.5

0

3

4

22

*I had doubts and suspicions about the teachings and the group more than once.

08

-07

01

28

-29

47

01

1.2

1.3

0

1

3

23

I had mysterious experiences beyond my comprehension.

23

-04

29

27

23

38

33

2.5

1.5

4

4

3

6 Commitment to the group

24

I was given drugs which made me feel unsound.

23

-03

-04

-03

06

07

52

2.3

1.8

4

4

4

25

I quitted job or left school in order to join the group.

00

01

27

24

11

15

46

2.8

1.6

4

4

4

26

I donated quite sum of property to the group.

25

21

-04

-21

26

07

40

2.1

1.6

0

3

4

Total

55

38

63

89

67

Notes

1  M and SD of  73 AUM former members except the three defendants are showed.

2  Mark  *  means reverse scoring items

3  Two decimal places are showed in factor lordings.

4  α =88 N=75